Parts of Speech

Typical sindhi sounds: Sindhi language has a few tpical sounds which are different and difficult to pronounce without practice

1. ‘ḇa’ Implosive Bilabial Sound

Sindhi ٻڪري
1.mp3">
ٻلي
2.mp3">
ٻارنهن
3.mp3">
Roman b^akiree b^ilee b^aara`nha`n
Urdu بکری بلی بارہ
English Goat Cat Twelve
Sindhi ٻه
4.mp3">
ٻاويهه
5.mp3">
ٻٽِيهَه
6.mp3">
Roman b^a b^aaveeha b^ateeha
Urdu دو بائیس بتیس
English Two Twenty-two Thirty-two
Sindhi بُوٿ
7.mp3">
ٻانهن
8.mp3">
ٻار
9.mp3">
Roman b^oothu b^aa`nha`n b^aaru
Urdu منہ بانہں بچہ
English Face Arm Child

2. ‘j̠a’ Implosive Sound

Sindhi ڄِڀَ
1.mp3">
ڄَمُون
2.mp3">
ڄارِي
3.mp3">
Roman j^ibha Jj^amoo`n j^aaree
Urdu زبان جامن جالی
English Tounge Rose-Apple Net
Sindhi ڄامشورو
4.mp3">
اڄ
5.mp3">
ڀڄ
6.mp3">
Roman j^aamshoro aj^u bhaj^u
Urdu جامشورو آج بھاگ
English Jamshoro Today Run
Sindhi ڄمڻ
7.mp3">
   
Roman j^aman~u    
Urdu جنم لینا    
English To born    

3. ‘j͂a’ Sound

Sindhi اڃ
1.mp3">
وَڃُ
2.mp3">
ڀَڃُ
3.mp3">
Roman uj~a vaj~u bhaj~u
Urdu پياس جائو توڑو
English Thrist Go Break
Sindhi ڄَڃَ
4.mp3">
ٿڃ
5.mp3">
 
Roman j̠aj~a thaj~u  
Urdu بارات دودھ  
English Procession Milk  

4. ‘ḏa’ Implosive Cerebral Sound

Sindhi ڏَهَ
1.mp3">
ڏيڏر
2.mp3">
ڏِسُ
3.mp3">
Roman d^aha d^ed^aru d^isu
Urdu دس مینڈک دیکھ
English Ten Frog See
Sindhi ڏِينهُن
4.mp3">
ڏنگُ
5.mp3">
ڏاڙهِي
6.mp3">
Roman d^ee`nhu`n d^a`ngu d^aar^hee
Urdu دن ڈنگ داڑھی
English Day Sting Beared
Sindhi ڏاڏا
7.mp3">
ڏاڏي
8.mp3">
 
Roman d^aad^aa d^aad^ee  
Urdu دادا دادی  
English Grandfather Grandmother  

5. ‘g̠a’ Sound

Sindhi ڳالهه
1.mp3">
ڳئون
2.mp3">
ڳوٺ
3.mp3">
Roman g^aalhi g^aoo`n g^othu
Urdu بات گائے گائوں
English Story Cow Village
Sindhi ڳنوار
4.mp3">
ڳچي
5.mp3">
اڳي
6.mp3">
Roman g^a`nvaaru g^ichee ag^e
Urdu گنوار گردن آگے/پہلے
English Cowherder Neck Before
Sindhi لڳي
7.mp3">
ڀڳو
8.mp3">
ڍڳو
9.mp3">
Roman lag^e bhag̠o dhag^o
Urdu لگے بھاگا بیل
English Touch Ran Ox

6. ‘g͂a’ Nasalized g sound

Sindhi سڱ
1.mp3">
مُڱ
2.mp3">
چَڱو
3.mp3">
Roman sig~a mug~a chag~o
Urdu سینگ مونگ اچھا
English Horns Pulse Good
Sindhi واڱڻ
4.mp3">
اڱڻ
5.mp3">
آڱر
6.mp3">
Roman vaag~n~a ag~an~u aag~uri
Urdu بھینگن آنگن انگلی
English Brinjal Yard Finger
Sindhi اڱر
7.mp3">
لڱ
8.mp3">
 
Roman ag~aru lig~a  
Urdu کوئلہ بدن  
English Coal Body  

7. ‘ṇa’ Nasalized r sound

Sindhi وڻ
1.mp3">
کَڻُ
2.mp3">
مکَڻ
3.mp3">
Roman van~u khan~u makhan~u
Urdu درخت اٹھا مکھن
English Tree Pick Butter
Sindhi کڻڻ
4.mp3">
لکڻ
5.mp3">
پڙهڻ
6.mp3">
Roman khan~an~u likhan~u par^han~u
Urdu اٹھانا لکھنا پڑھنا
English To pick To write To read
Sindhi کائڻ
7.mp3">
پيئڻ
8.mp3">
وڃڻ
9.mp3">
Roman khaain~u pīeean~u vaj~an~u
Urdu کھانا پینا جانا
English To eat To drink To go
Sindhi اچڻ
10.mp3">
ڌوئڻ
11.mp3">
وڻڻ
12.mp3">
Roman achan~u dhoin~u van~an~u
Urdu آنا دھونا پسند آنا
English To come To wash To like
Sindhi واڱڻ
13.mp3">
   
Roman vaag~an~u    
Urdu بھینگن    
English brinjal    

Pronominal Suffixes: Sindhi language has a system of pronominal suffixes added to nouns, adjectives and verbs etc

1. Pronominal suffixes added to nouns

With nouns the suffixes added for first person is ‘m’ for second person ‘en˜’ and for third person ‘s’

  1st Person
Sindhi منهنجو ڀاءُ
1.mp3">
ڀاڻم
b1.mp3">
Roman muhi`n jo bhaau bhaan~am
Urdu میرا بھائی میرا بھائی
English My brother My brother
  1st Person
Sindhi منهنجي ڀيڻ
2.mp3">
ڀيڻيم
b2.mp3">
Roman muhi`n jee bhen~i bhen~yam
Urdu میری بہن میری بہن
English My Sister My Sister
  1st Person
Sindhi منهنجو چاچو
3.mp3">
چاچم
b3.mp3">
Roman muhi`njo chaacho chaachum
Urdu میرا چچا میرا چچا
English My uncle (paternal) My uncle (paternal)
  1st Person
Sindhi منهنجي چاچي
4.mp3">
چاچیم
b4.mp3">
Roman muhi`njee chaachee chaachiam
Urdu میری چاچی میری چاچی
English My Aunty (paternal) My Aunty (paternal)
  2nd Person
Sindhi تنهنجو ڀاءُ
5.mp3">
ڀاڻين
b5.mp3">
Roman tuhnjo bhaau bhaan~e`n
Urdu تمہارا بھائی تمہارا بھائی
English Your Brother Your Brother
  2nd Person
Sindhi تنهنجي ڀيڻ
6.mp3">
ڀيڻين
b6.mp3">
Roman tuhi`njee bhen~u bhen~e`n
Urdu تمہاری بہن تمہاری بہن
English Your Sister Your Sister
  2nd Person
Sindhi تنهنجو چاچو
7.mp3">
چاچَهِن
b7.mp3">
Roman tuhi`njo chaacho chaachahi`n
Urdu تمہارا چچا تمہارا چچا
English Your Uncle Your Uncle
  2nd Person
Sindhi تنهنجي چاچي
8.mp3">
چاچِيهِين
b8.mp3">
Roman tuhi`njee chaachee chaacheehee`n
Urdu تمہاری چاچی تمہاری چاچی
English Your Aunty Your Aunty
  3rd Person
Sindhi هن جو ڀاءُ
9.mp3">
ڀاڻس
b9.mp3">
Roman hina jo bhaau bhaan~as
Urdu اس کا بھائی اس کا بھائی
English His/her brother His/her brother
  3rd Person
Sindhi هن جي ڀيڻ
10.mp3">
ڀيڻس
b10.mp3">
Roman hina jee bhen~u bhen~as
Urdu اس کی بہن اس کی بہن
English His/her sister His/her sister
  3rd Person
Sindhi هن جو چاچو
11.mp3">
چاچس
b11.mp3">
Roman hina jo chaacho chaachas
Urdu اس کا چچا اس کا چچا
English His/her Uncle His/her Uncle
  3rd Person
Sindhi هن جي چاچي
12.mp3">
چاچيَس
b12.mp3">
Roman hina jee chaachee chaachias
Urdu اس کی چاچی اس کی چاچی
English His/her Aunty His/her Aunty

2. Some terms for relations

  Son of father’s brother Daughter of father’s brother
Sindhi سوٽُ
1.mp3">
سوَٽِ
2.mp3">
Roman saoṭu saoṭi
Urdu چچازاد بھائی چچا زاد بہن
English Paternal cousin (male) Paternal cousin (female)
  Son of mothers brother Daughter of mothers brother
Sindhi ماروٽُ
3.mp3">
ماروٽِ
4.mp3">
Roman māroṭu māroṭi
Urdu مامو زاد بھائی مامو زاد بہن
English Maternal cousin (male) Maternal cousin (female)
  Son of mothers sister Daughter of mothers sister
Sindhi ماساتُ
5.mp3">
ماساتِ
6.mp3">
Roman māsātu māsāti
Urdu خالہ زاد بھائی خالہ زاد بہن
English Maternal cousin (male) Maternal cousin (female)
  Son of father’s sister Daughter of father’s sister
Sindhi پُڦاٽُ
7.mp3">
پُڦاٽِ
8.mp3">
Roman puphāṭu puphāṭi
Urdu پھپھی زاد بھائی پھپھی زاد بہن
English Paternal cousin (male) Paternal cousin (female)

3. 1st, 2nd and 3rd person pronominal suffixes

After adding ‘mu/مُ‘ for first person masculine and ‘mi/مِ‘ for feminine , With second person the suffix is ‘en˜’ or ‘hen˜’ for male, ‘īn˜’ or ‘ihen’ for female), with third person suffix will be su (masc) and si (fem)

  1st Person 1st Person
Sindhi سوٽَمُ
1.mp3">
سوٽِيَمِ
2.mp3">
Roman saoṭamu Saoṭiami
Urdu میرا چچا زاد بھائی میری چچا زاد بہن
English My cousin (male) My cousin (female)
  1st Person 1st Person
Sindhi ماروٽَمُ
3.mp3">
ماروٽيم
4.mp3">
Roman māroṭamu māroṭiami
Urdu میرا مامو زاد بھائی میری مامو زاد بہن
English My cousin (male) My cousin (female)
  1st Person 1st Person
Sindhi ماساتمُ
5.mp3">
ماساتِيَمِ
6.mp3">
Roman māsātumu māsātiyami
Urdu میرا خالہ زاد بھائی میری خالہ زاد بہن
English My cousin (male) My cousin (female)
  1st Person 1st Person
Sindhi پڦاٽَمُ
7.mp3">
پڦاٽِيَمِ
8.mp3">
Roman puphāṭāmu puphāṭiyāmi
Urdu میرا پھپھی زاد بھائی میری پھپھی زاد بہن
English My cousin (male) My cousin (female)
  2nd Person 2nd Person
Sindhi سوٽَهِن
9.mp3">
سوٽِيهِن
10.mp3">
Roman saoṭahin˜ saoṭīhin˜
Urdu تمہارا چچا زاد بھائی تمہاری چچا زاد بہن
English Your cousin (male) Your cousin (female)
  2nd Person 2nd Person
Sindhi ماروٽَهِن
11.mp3">
ماروٽِيهِن
12.mp3">
Roman māroṭahin˜ māroṭīhin˜
Urdu تمہارا مامو زاد بھائی تمہاری مامو زاد بہن
English Your cousin (male) Your cousin (female)
  2nd Person 2nd Person
Sindhi ماساتَهِن
13.mp3">
ماساتِيهِن
14.mp3">
Roman māsātahin˜ māsātīhin˜
Urdu تمہارا خالہ زاد بھائی تمہاری خالہ زاد بہن
English Your cousin (male) Your cousin (male)
  3rd Person 3rd Person
Sindhi سوٽَسُ
15.mp3">
سوٽِيَسِ
16.mp3">
Roman saoṭasu saoṭiasi
Urdu اس کا چچا زاد بھائی اس کی چچا زاد بہن
English His cousin (male) His cousin (female)
  3rd Person 3rd Person
Sindhi ماروٽسُ
17.mp3">
ماروٽيَسِ
18.mp3">
Roman māroṭasu māroṭiasi
Urdu اس کا مامو زاد بھائی اس کی مامو زاد بہن
English His cousin (male) His cousin (female)
  3rd Person 3rd Person
Sindhi ماساتسُ
19.mp3">
ماساتِيَس
20.mp3">
Roman māsātasu māsātiasi
Urdu اس کا خالہ زاد بھائی اس کی خالہ زاد بہن
English His cousin (male) His cousin (female)

4. Some other sentences

Sindhi ڀاڻين ڪٿي آهي؟
1.mp3">
ڀيڻين ڇا پئي ڪري؟
2.mp3">
Roman bhāṇen˜ kithe āhe? bheṇen˜ chhā paī kare?
Urdu تمہارا بھائی کہاں ہے؟ تمہاری بہن کیا کر رہی ہے؟
English Where is your brother? What is your sister doing?
Sindhi چاچهن ڇا ڪندو آهي؟
3.mp3">
مامَهِن جو نالو ڇا آهي؟
4.mp3">
Roman chāchahin˜ chhā kan˜do āhe? māmahin˜ jo nālo chhā āhe?
Urdu تمہارا چچا کیا کرتا ہے؟ تمہارے ماموں کا نام کیا ہے؟
English What does your uncle do? What is your uncle’s name?
Sindhi ڀاڻس کي سڏ ڪر
5.mp3">
چاچس جو گهر ڪٿي آهي؟
6.mp3">
Roman bhāṇasu khe saḏu kari chāchasu jo gharu kithe āhe?
Urdu اس کے بھائی کو بلائو اس کے چچا کا گھر کہاں ہے؟
English Call his brother Where is his uncle’s house?
Sindhi سوٽَمُ اٺين ڪلاس ۾ پڙهندو آهي
7.mp3">
هي ماروٽم جو گھر آهي
8.mp3">
Roman saoṭamu aṭhen˜ kilāsa men˜ paṛhan˜do āhe. hī māroṭam jo ghar āhe
Urdu میرا چچا زاد بھائی آٹھویں کلاس میں پڑھتا ہے یہ میرے مامو زاد بھائی کا گھر ہے
English My cousin studies in class VIII This is my cousin’s home
Sindhi ماساتِيَمِ ڪيڏانهن وئي آهي؟
9.mp3">
سوٽَهِن کي بخار آهي
10.mp3">
Roman māsātiami keḏān˜hun˜ vaī āhe? saoṭahin˜ khe bukhāru āhe
Urdu میری خالہ زاد بہن کہان گئی ہے تمہارے چچا زاد بھائی کو بخار ہے
English Where has my cousin gone? Your cousin has fever
Sindhi ماروٽهِن کي ڇا ٿيو آهي؟
11.mp3">
سوٽَسِ ڪراچيءَ ويو آهي
12.mp3">
Roman māroṭahin˜ khe chhā thiyo āhe? saoṭasu karāchīa vaeo āhe
Urdu تمہارے مامو زاد کو کیا ہوا ہے اس کا چچا زاد بھائی کراچی گیا ہے
English What has happened to Your cousin? His cousin has gone to Karachi
Sindhi ماساتِيَسِ سُٺِي ڇوڪري آهي
13.mp3">
ماروٽِيَسِ کي وٺي اچ
14.mp3">
Roman māsātiasi suṭhī chhokirī āhe māroṭiasi khe vaṭhī ach
Urdu اس کی خالہ زاد بہن اچھی لڑکی ہے اس کی مامو زاد بہن کو لے کر آئو
English His cousin is a good girl Bring his cousin.

5. Using Pronominal Suffixes with verbs

  1st Person. masc object 1st Person. fem object
Sindhi کاڌُم
1.mp3">
کاڌِيَم
2.mp3">
Roman khādhumu Khādhiami
Urdu میں نے کھایا میں نے کھائی
English I eat I Eat
  1st Person. masc object 1st Person. fem object
Sindhi پڙهِيُم
3.mp3">
پڙهِيَم
4.mp3">
Roman paṛhiyum paṛhiyami
Urdu میں نے پڑھا میں نے پڑھا
English I read I read
  1st Person. masc object 1st Person. fem object
Sindhi لکِيُم
5.mp3">
لِکِيَمِ
6.mp3">
Roman Likhiyum Likhyami
Urdu میں نے لکھا میں نے لکھا
English I wrote I wrote

6. Pronominal suffix with intransitive verbs

With intransitive verbs the pronominal suffix may be ‘m’ or ‘s’ according to different dialects with u or I vowels for male and female

  1st Person.masc 1st Person.fem
Sindhi آيُس/آيُم
1.mp3">
آيَسِ/آيَمِ
2.mp3">
Roman āyusu/āyumu āyasi/āyami
Urdu میں آیا میں آئی
English I came I came
  1st Person.masc 1st Person.fem
Sindhi وَيُس/وَيُم
3.mp3">
وَيَسِ/وَيَمِ
4.mp3">
Roman Vayusu/vayumu vayasi/vayami
Urdu میں گیا میں گئی
English I went I went
  1st Person.masc 1st Person.fem
Sindhi ڊوڙِيُس/ڊوڙِيُم
5.mp3">
ڊوڙِيَس/ڊوڙِيَسِ
6.mp3">
Roman ḍoṛyusu/ḍoṛiyumu ḍoṛyasi/ḍoṛiyami
Urdu میں دوڑا میں دوڑی
English I ran I ran
  1st Person.masc 1st Person.fem
Sindhi ڀَڳُس/ڀَڳَمِ
7.mp3">
ڀَڳِيَسِ/ڀَڳيَمِ
8.mp3">
Roman bhag̠usu/bhag̠umu bhag̠iyasi/bhag̠iyami
Urdu میں بھاگا میں بھاگی
English I ran I ran
  1st Person.masc 1st Person.fem
Sindhi رُنُس/رُنُم
9.mp3">
رُنِيَسِ/رُنِيَم
10.mp3">
Roman runus/runum Runyasi/runyami
Urdu میں رويا میں روئی
English I wept I wept
  1st Person.masc 1st Person.fem
Sindhi سُتُس/سُتُم
11.mp3">
سُتيَس/سُتيَمِ
12.mp3">
Roman sutusu/sutumu sutiyasi/sutiyami
Urdu میں سویا میں سوئی
English I slept I slept

7. With transitive verbs ‘sīn˜’ for first person plural

  1st Person. masc. plu 1st Person. masc. plu
Sindhi اسان لکيو/ لِکِيوسِين
1.mp3">
پڙهِيوسِين
2.mp3">
Roman asān˜ likhyo/ likhyosīn˜ paṛhyosīn˜
Urdu ہم نے لکھا ہم نے پڑھا
English We wrote We read
  1st Person. masc. plu 1st Person. masc. plu
Sindhi کاڌوسِين
3.mp3">
کولِيوسِين
4.mp3">
Roman khādhosīn˜ kholyosīn˜
Urdu ہم نے کھایا ہم نے کھولا
English We eat We open

8. More Pronominal Suffixes

  1st Person. masc. plu 1st Person. fem. plu
Sindhi آياسين/اسان آيا سين
1.mp3">
آيون سِين
2.mp3">
Roman āyāsīn˜/ asān˜ āyāsīn˜ āyūn˜sīn˜
Urdu ہم آئے ہم آئیں
English We came We came
  1st Person. masc. plu 1st Person. fem. plu
Sindhi وياسِين
3.mp3">
وِيُونسِين
4.mp3">
Roman vayāsīn˜ vayūn˜sīn˜
Urdu ہم گئے ہم گئیں
English We went We went
  1st Person. masc. plu 1st Person. fem. plu
Sindhi ڀَڳاسِين
5.mp3">
ڀَڳِيُونسِين
6.mp3">
Roman bhag̠āsīn˜ bhag̠iyūn˜sīn˜
Urdu ہم بھاگے ہم بھاگیں
English We ran We ran
  1st Person. masc. plu 1st Person. fem. plu
Sindhi سُتاسِين
7.mp3">
سُتِيُونسِين
8.mp3">
Roman Sutāsīn˜ sutiyūn˜sīn˜
Urdu ہم سوئے ہم سوئیں
English We slept We slept

9. Some other sentences

  1st Person. masc. 2nd Person. fem
Sindhi انبُ کاڌُم
1.mp3">
ماني کاڌَم
2.mp3">
Roman an˜bu khādhumu mānī khādhamu
Urdu میں نے آم کھایا میں نے روٹی کھائی
English I ate mango I ate meal
  1st Person. masc. 2nd Person. fem
Sindhi انب کاڌوسين
3.mp3">
ماني کاڌيسين
4.mp3">
Roman an˜bu khadhosīn˜ mānī khādhīsīn˜
Urdu ہم نے آم کھایا ہم نے روٹی کھائی
English We ate mango We ate meal
  1st Person. masc. 2nd Person. fem
Sindhi ايُس
5.mp3">
آيَسِ
6.mp3">
Roman Āyusu Āyasi
Urdu میں آیا میں آئی
English I came I came
  1st Person. masc. 2nd Person. fem
Sindhi آياسِين
7.mp3">
آيُونسِين
8.mp3">
Roman āyāsīn˜ āyūn˜sīn˜
Urdu ہم آئے ہم آئیں
English We came We came

10. Second Person Pronoun singular ‘aī’, plural ‘yava’ with transitive verbs

  2nd Person. sing 2nd Person. plu
Sindhi لکِيَئِي
1.mp3">
لِکِيَوَ
2.mp3">
Roman likhyāī likhyava
Urdu تم نے لکھا آپ نے لکھا
English You wrote You wrote
  2nd Person. sing 2nd Person. plu
Sindhi پَڙِهِيَئِي
3.mp3">
پَڙِهِيَوَ
4.mp3">
Roman paṛhiyaī paṛhiyava
Urdu تم نے پڑھا آپ نے پڑھا
English You read You read
  2nd Person. sing 2nd Person. plu
Sindhi کاڌئِي
5.mp3">
کاڌوَ
6.mp3">
Roman khādhaī Khādhava
Urdu تم نے کھایا آپ نے کھایا
English You ate You ate
  2nd Person. sing 2nd Person. plu
Sindhi بڻايَئِي
7.mp3">
بَڻَايََوَ
8.mp3">
Roman baṇayaī baṇāyava
Urdu تم نے بنایا آپ نے بنایا
English You made You made

11. Third Person singular ‘āīn˜’ plural ‘āūn˜’

  3rd Person. sing 3rd Person. plu
Sindhi لِکِيائِين
1.mp3">
لِکِيائُون
2.mp3">
Roman likhyāīn˜ likhyāūn˜
Urdu اس نے لکھا انہوں نے لکھا
English He/she wrote They wrote
  3rd Person. sing 3rd Person. plu
Sindhi پڙِهِيائِين
3.mp3">
پَڙهيائُون
4.mp3">
Roman paṛhiyāīn˜ paṛhiyāūn˜
Urdu اس نے پڑھا انہوں نے پڑھا
English He read They read
  3rd Person. sing 3rd Person. plu
Sindhi بَڻايائِين
5.mp3">
بَڻايائُون
6.mp3">
Roman baṇāyāīn˜ baṇāyāūn˜
Urdu اس نے بنایا انہوں نے بنایا
English He made They made
  3rd Person. sing 3rd Person. plu
Sindhi کاڌائين
7.mp3">
کاڌائُون
8.mp3">
Roman khadhāīn˜ khadhāūn˜
Urdu اس نے کھایا انہوں نے کھایا
English He ate They ate

12. Second person pronoun singular ‘en˜’, plural ‘ao’ with intransitive verbs

  2nd Person. masc. sing 2nd Person. masc. plu
Sindhi آئين
1.mp3">
آيا/آيَوَ
2.mp3">
Roman āen˜ Āyā/āyava
Urdu تو آیا آپ آئے
English You came You came
  2nd Person. fem. sing 2nd Person. fem. plu
Sindhi آئِينءَ
3.mp3">
آيُون
4.mp3">
Roman āeīn˜a āyūn˜
Urdu تم آئی آپ آئیں
English You came You came

14. System of double and complex pronominal suffixes

Two or more suffixes may be used with a verb to show two or more pronouns.

  1st Person. sing. 1st Person. sing.
Sindhi لکِيومانس
1.mp3">
ڳالهايومانس
2.mp3">
Roman likhiyomān˜s g̠ālhāyomān˜s
Urdu میں نے اسے لکھا میں نے اسے بولا
English I wrote to him/her I talked to him/her
  1st Person. sing. 1st Person. sing.
Sindhi ڀڄايومانس
3.mp3">
ڊوڙايومانس
4.mp3">
Roman bhaj̠āyomān˜s ḍoṛāyomān˜s
Urdu میں نے اسے بھگایا میں نے اسے دوڑایا
English I made him/her run I made him/her run
  2nd Person. sing. 2nd Person sing
Sindhi چيُئِي
5.mp3">
چَيُئِيس
6.mp3">
Roman chayuī chayuīs
Urdu تم نے مجھہ سے کہا تم نے اس سے کہا
English You said to me You said to him
  2nd Person. sing 2nd Person. sing
Sindhi خط لکِيَئِي
7.mp3">
خط لکِيَئِيسِ
8.mp3">
Roman ḵẖat̤u likhiyaī ḵẖat̤u likhiyaīs
Urdu تم نے مجھے خط لکھا تم نے اسے خط لکھا
English You wrote me a letter You wrote him/her a letter
  2nd Person. sing 2nd Person. sing
Sindhi ڀڄايُئِيم
9.mp3">
ڀڄايُئِيسِ
10.mp3">
Roman bhaj͂āyaīn˜m bhaj͂āyaīs
Urdu تم نے مجھے بھگایا تم نے اسے بھگایا
English You made me run You made him/her run
  3rd Person. sing 3rd Person. sing
Sindhi چيائِينس
11.mp3">
لِکِيائِينس
12.mp3">
Roman chayaīn˜s likhiyāīn˜s
Urdu اس نے اس سے کہا اس نے اس کو لکھا
English He/she told him/her He/she wrote him/her
  1st Person. plu 1st Person. plu
Sindhi چيوسُون
13.mp3">
چيائُون
14.mp3">
Roman chayosūni chayāūni
Urdu ہم نے ان سے کہا انہوں نے ان سے کہا
English We told them They told them
  1st Person. plu 1st Person. plu
Sindhi چيوسونس
15.mp3">
چيوسونِ
16.mp3">
Roman chayosūn˜s Chayosūni
Urdu ہم نے اس سے کہا ہم نے ان سے کہا
English We told him We told them
  2nd Person. plu 2nd Person. plu
Sindhi چَيُوَسِ
17.mp3">
چَيُوَنِ
18.mp3">
Roman chayuvasi chayuvani
Urdu آپ نے اس سے کہا آپ نے ان سے کہا
English You told him You told them
  3rd Person. plu 3rd Person. plu
Sindhi چيائُونسِ
19.mp3">
چيائُونِ
20.mp3">
Roman chayāūn˜si chayāūni
Urdu انہوں نے اس سے کہا انہوں نے ان سے کہا
English they told him They told them
  3rd Person. sing  
Sindhi ڊوڙايائِينس
21.mp3">
 
Roman ḍoṛāyāīn˜s  
Urdu اس نے اسے دوڑایا  
English He/she made him/her run  

15. By changing the position of suffixes the meaning can also be reversed

  1st Person. sing. 3rd Person. sing.
Sindhi چيومانس
1.mp3">
چيائِينمِ
2.mp3">
Roman chayomān˜si chayāīn˜mi
Urdu میں نے اس سے کہا اس نے مجھ سے کہا
English I told him He told me
  2nd Person. sing 1st Person. sing
Sindhi چَيُئِيس
3.mp3">
چيومانءِ
4.mp3">
Roman chayuīsi chayomān˜i
Urdu تم نے اس سے کہا میں نے تم سے کہا
English You told him I told You
  3rd Person. plu 1st Person. sing
Sindhi چيائُونمِ
5.mp3">
چيومانِ
6.mp3">
Roman chayāūn˜mi chayomāni
Urdu انہوں نے مجھ سے کہا میں نے ان سے کہا
English They told me I told them
  2nd Person. plu 1st Person. plu
Sindhi چَيُوَ
7.mp3">
چيوسُونوَ
8.mp3">
Roman chayūva chayosūn˜va
Urdu آپ نے ہم سے کہا ہم نے آپ سے کہا
English You told Us We told you

16. One word sentences (with pronominal suffixes)

  1st Person. sing 3rd Person. sing
Sindhi چيومانسِ
1.mp3">
چيائِينم
2.mp3">
Roman chayomān˜si chayāīn˜mi
Urdu میں نے اس سے کہا اس نے مجھ سے کہا
English I told him He told me
  2nd Person. sing 1st Person. sing
Sindhi چَيَئِيس
3.mp3">
چيومانِءِ
4.mp3">
Roman chayuīsi chayomān˜i
Urdu تم نے اس سے کہا میں نے تم سے کہا
English you told him/her I told you
  3rd Person. plu 2nd Person. plu
Sindhi چيائُونمِ
5.mp3">
چَيُوَ
6.mp3">
Roman chayāūn˜mi chayuva
Urdu انہوں نے مجھ سے کہا آپ نے ہم سے کہا
English They told Me You told us
  3rd Person. plu 2nd Person. plu
Sindhi چَيائُون
7.mp3">
چيو سُونوَ
8.mp3">
Roman chayāūn˜ chayosūn˜va
Urdu انہوں نے ہم سے کہا ہم نے آپ سے کہا
English They told us We told you

17. Complete sentences with an object using different pronominal suffixes

  Past tense Past Perfect tense
Sindhi خط لِکِيومانسِ
1.mp3">
خط لِکِيوهومانس
2.mp3">
Roman ḵẖat̤u likhyomān˜si ḵẖat̤u likhyohomān˜s
Urdu میں نے اس کو خط لکھا میں نے اس کو خط لکھا تھا
English I wrote him/her a letter I had written him a letter
  Past tense Past perfect tense
Sindhi خط لِکِيَئِيس
3.mp3">
خط لکيوهُيَئِيس
4.mp3">
Roman ḵẖat̤u likhiyaīsi ḵẖat̤u likhyohuaīsi
Urdu تم نے اس کو خط لکھا تم نے اس کو خط لکھا تھا
English You wrote him a letter You had written him a letter
  Past tense Past perfect tense
Sindhi خط لِکِيائينم
5.mp3">
خط لکيوهُيائِينمِ
6.mp3">
Roman ḵẖat̤u likhiyāīn˜mi ḵẖat̤u likhyo huyāīn˜m
Urdu اس نے مجھے خط لکھا اس نے مجھے خط لکھا تھا
English He wrote me a letter You had written me a letter

Interjection: A Word which expresses sudden feeling or emotion

Sindhi هيلو!
1
افسوس!
2
آهه!
3
Roman helo! afsos! aah!
English Hello Alas Ah,
Urdu ہیلو! افسوس! آہ!
Sindhi اوهه!
4
شاباش
5
حيف
6
Roman oh! shaabaash hefu,
English Oh bravo,     damn  
Urdu اوہ! شاباش تف

Conjunction: A conjunction joins two or more words or sentences

Sindhi ۽
1
پر
2
يا
3
Roman ain para yaa
English And but or
Urdu اور پر یا
Sindhi جيتوڻيڪ
4
نڪو، يا
5
البت
6
Roman jet~on~ek, nako, yaa albat~a
English Either-or   neither-nor Though
Urdu یا تو  یا نہ تو نہ ہی البتہ
Sindhi تنهن هوندي
7
الائجي
8
نه رڳو
9
Roman t~a`nh`n hoo`nd~e alaaije na rug^o
English yet     whether not only
Urdu ابتک غالباً نہ صرف

Adverb: An adverb modifies a verb, adjective or another adverb.

Sindhi تڪڙو
1
آهستي
2
اڪثر
3
Roman t~kir^o aahist~e aksar
English quickly   Slowly   Often    
Urdu جلدی سے آہستہ آہستہ اکثر
Description Adverb of Manner Adverb of Manner Adverb of Numbers
Sindhi وري-ٻيهر
4
هڪ ڀيرو
5
تنهنڪري
6
Roman Varee -b^eehara, hik bhero Ta`nh`nkare,
English again once Hence  
Urdu دوبارہ ایک بار لہاذا
Description Adverb of Numbers Adverb of Numbers Adverb of Reason
Sindhi ان ڪري
7
ڇاڪاڻ/ ڇوته
8
جلدي
9
Roman unakare, chhaakaan~i/ chho t~a jaldee
English therefore because Soon
Urdu اس لئے چونکہ/کیونکہ جلدی
Description Adverb of Reason Adverb of Reason Adverb of Time
Sindhi اڄ
10
ڪالهه
11
 سڀاڻي
12
Roman aj^u Kaalaha, subhaan~e
English today yesterday   Tomorrow
Urdu آج کل کل
Description Adverb of Time Adverb of Time Adverb of Time
Sindhi اڳي
13
پوءِ
14
هتي
15
Roman ag^e, Poi hit~e
English before after   Here
Urdu قبل بعد میں یہاں
Description Adverb of Time Adverb of Time Adverb of Place
Sindhi هُتي
16
، اندران
17
پري
18
Roman hut~e, andiraa`n, pare
English there within away
Urdu وہاں اندر دور
Description Adverb of Place Adverb of Place Adverb of Place
Sindhi ٻاهر
19
هيٺان
20
مٿان
21
Roman b^aahir hethaa`n math~aa`n
English out down above
Urdu باہر نیچے اوپر
Description Adverb of Place Adverb of Place Adverb of Place
Sindhi ها
22
نه
23
پڪ سان
24
Roman haa na paka saa`n
English Yes no/not certainly
Urdu ہاں نہیں یقینًا
Description Adverb of Affirmation and Negation Adverb of Affirmation and Negation Adverb of Affirmation and Negation
Sindhi ڪڏهن نه
25
يقيننًا
26
 
Roman kad^ah`n na Yakeenan  
English never sure  
Urdu کبھی نہیں یقینًا  
Description Adverb of Affirmation and Negation Adverb of Affirmation and Negation  

Post Position: A word used with a noun or a pronoun to show its position

1. Used after the noun or the pronoun

Sindhi کي
1.mp3">
اسان کي ڏي
Roman khe asaa`n khe d^e
Urdu کو ہم کو دو
English to Give to us
Sindhi سان
2.mp3">
صبر سان هل
Roman saa`n sabura saa`n halu
Urdu سے صبر سے چلو
English with walk with patient
Sindhi ۾
3.mp3">
پاڻيءَ ۾ گل
Roman me paan~eea me`n gulu
Urdu میں پانی میں پھول
English in Flower in Water
Sindhi تي
4.mp3">
وڻ تي پکي
Roman te van~a te pakhee
Urdu پر درخت پہ پرندہ
English on/upon Bird on Tree
Sindhi جو
5.mp3">
پاڻيءَ جو گلاس
Roman jo paan~eea jo gilaasu
Urdu کا پانی کا گلاس
English of Glass of Water

2. Formed by adding suffix to postposition

These are some ablatime postpositions which are formed by adding suffix ān~ to the simple postposition such as

Sindhi کان
1.mp3">
مون کان کاڌو وٺ
Roman khaa`n moo`n khaa`n khaadh~o vathu
Urdu سے مجھہ سے کھانا لو
English from Take Food From Me
Sindhi مان
2.mp3">
دٻي مان ٻلي ڪڍ
Roman maa`n dab^e maa`n b^ilee kadhu
Urdu میں سے ڈبے میں سے بلی نکالو
English from inside Out Cat From Inside Box
Sindhi تان
3.mp3">
ڀت تان ٽپو ڏي
Roman taa`n bhiti taa`n ṭapo d^e
Urdu پر سے دیوار پر سے جمپ دو
English from upon Jump From The Wall
Sindhi سان
4.mp3">
ڀاءُ سان نه وڙهه
Roman saa`n bhaau saa`n na vir^hu
Urdu کے ساتھ بھائی سے مت لڑو
English with Don’t Fight to Brother

3. When used after a noun the final short or long vowel changes

When a post position is used after a noun the final short or long vowel changes. All masculine nouns ending with short vowel ‘u’ change it to ‘a’, 'qalamu' becomes 'qalama' , 'kagazu' --> 'kagaza' , 'gharu' --> 'ghara'

Post Position تي سان
Sindhi ڪاغَذَ تي لِکُ
1.mp3">
قَلَمَ سان لِکُ
2.mp3">
Roman kāġaẕa te likhu qalama sān˜ likhu
Urdu کاغذ پر لکھو قلم سے لکھو
English Write on a paper Write with a pen
  سان - تي ۾
Sindhi قَلَمَ سان ڪاغَذَ تي لِکُ
3.mp3">
ارشد گهَرَ ۾ آهي
4.mp3">
Roman qalama sān˜ kāġaẕa te likhu arshadu ghara men˜ āhe
Urdu قلم سے کاغذ پہ لکھو ارشد گھر میں ہے
English Write with (a) pen on (a) paper Arshad is at home

4. Nouns ending with ‘u’ change the final vowel to ‘a’ with addition of a postposition

This proves that the nouns ending with ‘u’ change the final vowel to ‘a’ with addition of a postposition after the nouns (the same change had accured when its number was changed from singular to plural.

  Masculine Singular ‘uthu’ Masculine Singular ‘matu”
Sindhi اُٺَ تي چَڙهُه
1.mp3">
مٽَ مان پاڻِي پِيءُ
2.mp3">
Roman uṭha te chaṛhu maṭa mān˜ pāṇī pīu
Urdu اونٹ پر چڑھو مٹکے سے پانی پیئو
English Mount on the camel Drink water from (the) pitcher

5. Nouns ending with vowel o change it to 'e'

  Masculine Singular ‘ghoṛo’ Masculine Singular ‘lifᾱfo’
Sindhi گهوڙي کي نه مارِ
1.mp3">
خَطُ لِفافي ۾ آهي
2.mp3">
Roman ghoṛe khe na mār ḵẖatu lifāfe men˜ āhe
Urdu گھوڑے کو نہ مارو خط لفافے میں ہے
English Don’t hit the horse (the) letter is in (the) envelope
  Masculine Singular ‘ṣofo’  
Sindhi حَسَنُ صوفي تي ويٺو آهي
3.mp3">
 
Roman hasanu sofe te veṭho āhe  
Urdu حسن صوفے پر بیٹھا ہے  
English hasan is sitting on (a) sofa

6. Postpositions used after feminine singular nouns

The Postpositions used after feminine singular nouns ending in ‘a’ or ‘i’ do not cause any change in the nominative case but if the final vowel is a long vowel ī / (ee) then an additional vowel is added in it.

Sindhi عَورَت جِي عِزَتَ ڪَرِ
1.mp3">
ڇِتِ تي نه چَڙُهه
2.mp3">
Roman a`orata jī izata karyo chhiti te na chaṛhu
Urdu عورت کی عزت کرو چھت پر نہ چڑھو
English Respect woman Don’t Climb to the roof
Sindhi ٻِلِيءَ کي نه مارِ
3.mp3">
اَمِيءَ جِي عِزَتَ ڪَرِيو
4.mp3">
Roman ḇilīa khe na māri amīa jī izata kari
Urdu بلی کو نہ مارو امی کی عزت کرو
English Don’t hit the cat Respect your mother
Sindhi دَرِيءَ کي کولِ
5.mp3">
اَديءَ جو نالو آمنه آهي
6.mp3">
Roman darīa khe kholi adīa jo nālo āmnā āhe
Urdu کھڑکی کو کھولو باجی کا نام آمنہ ہے
English Open the window Sister’s name is Amna

7. Masculine nouns ending with a long vowel 'ī'/ ‘ee’

The rule will be same with masculine nouns ending with a long vowel 'ī'/ ‘ee’

Sindhi هاٿيءَ جو پيرُ
1.mp3">
مالِهيءَ جو گهَرُ
2.mp3">
Roman hāthīa jo peru mālhīa jo gharu
Urdu ہاتھی کا پیر مالی کا گھر
English Foot of elephant Home of (the) farmer
Sindhi هُو ڪراچيءَ ڏانهُن ويو آهي
3.mp3">
مالِهيءَ جو پُٽُ آيو آهي
4.mp3">
Roman hū karachīa ḏān˜hun˜ vayo āhe mālhīa jo puṭu āyo āhe
Urdu وہ کراچی کی طرف گیا ہے مالھی کا بیٹآ آیا ہے
English He has gone to Karachi Gardners son has come
Sindhi هو پنڊيءَ کان آيو آهي
5.mp3">
 
Roman hū pinḍīa khān˜ āyo āhe  
Urdu وہ پنڈی سے آیا ہے  
English He has come from Pindi  

8. Words which have a long vowel at the end, add a short vowel ‘a’

All such words which have a long vowel at the end, add a short vowel ‘a’ when followed by a postposition

Sindhi گُلُوءَ جو ڀاءٌ
1.mp3">
ماڻُهوءَ جو ڀاڳُ
2.mp3">
Roman gulūa jo bhau māṇhun˜a jo bhāg̠u
Urdu گُلو کا بھائی آدمی کی قسمت
English Guloo’s brother Man’s luck

9. Postpositions (Ablative)

Sindhi کان مون کان کاڌو وٺ
1.mp3">
Roman khān˜ mūn˜ khān˜ khādho vaṭhu
Urdu سے مجھہ سے کھانا لو
English from Take Food From Me
Sindhi مان دٻي مان ٻلي ڪڍ
2.mp3">
Roman mān˜ daḇe mān˜ ḇilī kaḍhu
Urdu میں سے ڈبے میں سے بلی نکالو
English from inside Out Cat From Inside Box
Sindhi تان ڀت تان ٽپو ڏي
3.mp3">
Roman tān˜ bhiti tān ṭapo ḏe
Urdu پر سے دیوار پر سے جمپ دو
English from upon Jump From The Wall
Sindhi سان ڀاءُ سان نه وڙهه
4.mp3">
Roman sān˜ bhāu sān na viṛhu
Urdu کے ساتھ بھائی سے مت لڑو
English with Don’t Fight to Brother

10. Addition of short vowel 'a' in the noun with the use of postposition

Postposition سان کان
Sindhi صبر سان ويهه
1.mp3">
ڪراچيءَ کان حيدرآباد
2.mp3">
Roman Saburra sān˜ vehu Karachīa khān˜ ḥedarābad
Urdu صبر سے بیٹھو کراچی سے حیدرآباد
English Sit with Patience From Karachi to Hyderabad
Postposition تان مان
Sindhi ڪرسيءَ تان اٿ
3.mp3">
گهر مان نڪر
4.mp3">
Roman Kursīa tān˜ uthu Ghara mān˜ nikru
Urdu کرسی سے اٹھو گھر سے نکلو
English Rise from the Chair Get Out of the House

11. Addition of short vowel ‘a’ with the use of the postposition

Postposition کي ۾
Sindhi ارشدَ کي ڪتاب ڏي
1.mp3">
ڪتاب شيلفَ ۾ آهي
2.mp3">
Roman arshada khe kitābu ḏe kiṭābu shelf men˜ āhe
Urdu ارشد کو کتاب دو کتاب شیلف میں ہے
English Give (the) book to Arshad Book is in (the) Shelf
Postposition تي جو
Sindhi قَلمُ ميزَ تي رَکُ
3.mp3">
امجد هنَ اسڪُولَ جو شاگردُ آهي
4.mp3">
Roman qalam meza te rakhu amjad hina iskūla jo shagird āhe
Urdu قلم میز پر رکھ امجد اس اسکول کا شاگرد ہے
English put (the) pen on (the) table Amjad is student of this School
Postposition جِي  
Sindhi رابعه هن ڪلاسَ جي شاگردياڻي آهي
5.mp3">
 
Roman rābiyā hina kilāsa jī shāgrdyāṇī āhe  
Urdu رابعہ اس کلاس کی طالبہ ہے  
English Rabia is student of this class  

12. The suffix آن used in Postpositions.

The suffix آن used in these postpositions can be attached certain words instead of these post positions giving the meaning of ‘From’ (مان، تان، کان، سان).

Postposition کان تان
Sindhi ڪراچيءَ کان حيدرآباد اچ
1.mp3">
ميزَ تان ڪتابَ کڻ
2.mp3">
Roman karāchīa khān ḥaedarābad achu maeza tān kiṭābu khāṇu
Urdu کراچی سے حیدرآباد آئو ميز سے کتاب اٹھائو
English Come from Karachi to Hyderabad Pick (the) book from (the) table
Postposition کان ٻاهر آن / -- کان
Sindhi گهر کان ٻاهر نڪرو
3.mp3">
اسما گهران آئي آهي
4.mp3">
Roman ghara khān˜ ḇāhar nikro asmān˜ gharān āī āhe
Urdu گھر سے باہر نکلو اسماء گھر سے آئی ہے
English Go out of (the) house Asma has come from home
Postposition آن / -- کان آن / -- کان
Sindhi اسمان ڳوٺان آئي آهي
5.mp3">
اسما اندران آئي آهي
6.mp3">
Roman asmān g̠oṭhān˜ āī āhe asmān āndrān˜ āī āhe
Urdu اسماء گائوں سے آئی ہے اسماء اندر سے آئی ہے
English Asma has come from village Asma has come from inside
Postposition آن / -- کان سان
Sindhi اسمان ٻاهران آئي آهي
7.mp3">
رشيدَ جَميلا سان وڃ
8.mp3">
Roman asmān˜ ḇāhirān˜ āī āhe rashīda jamīlā sān˜ vaj͂u
Urdu اسماء باہر سے آئی ہے رشید جمیلا کے ساتھہ جائو
English Asma has come from outside Rashid, go with Jamila

13. When the word is in a vocative case

When the word is in a vocative case or if a name (Proper or common noun) is called the final vowel is changed in a similar way ie )‘u’( to (‘a’( and (‘O’) to (‘aa/ᾱ’) feminine noun do not change their vowels:

Postposition (u) to (a) (u) to (a)
Sindhi سَليمَ! اَچُ ڪَمُ ڪَرِيُون
1.mp3">
شاهِدَ! هِتي ويهُه
2.mp3">
Roman salīma ach kam karyūn˜ shahida āu hite vehu
Urdu سَلِيم آئو کام کریں شاہد یہان بیٹھو
English Salim! Come let’s work Shahid! you sit here
Postposition (u) to (a) (u) to (a)
Sindhi شَهمِيرَ! تُون وَڃُ
3.mp3">
امجَدَ! اُٿِي وَڃُ
4.mp3">
Roman shahmīra tūn˜ vanju amjada uthī vaj̠u
Urdu شہمیر تم جائو امجد اٹھہ جائو
English Shahmir! you go. Amjad! stand up
Postposition (O) to (aa/ᾱ)  
Sindhi ڇوڪرا! ڇا پيو ڪرين؟
5.mp3">
 
Roman chhokrā chhā payo kārīn˜?  
Urdu لڑکے کیا کر رہے ہو؟  
English O boy! what are you doing?  

14. Some of the most commonly used Personal Pronouns of Sindhi

Some of the most commonly used Personal Pronouns of Sindhi Are:اُ) - ‘u’( to (اَ- ‘a’( and (او – O) to (آ – aa/ᾱ) feminine noun do not change their vowels:

  First Person Both Masculine and FeminineSingular First Person Both Masculine and Feminine Plural
Sindhi آءٌ / مُون
1.mp3">
اَسِين / اسان
2.mp3">
Roman āun˜ / mūn˜ asīn˜ / asān˜
Urdu میں ہم
English I We
  Second Person Both Masculine and Feminine Singular Second Person Both Masculine and Feminine Plural
Sindhi تُون / تو
3.mp3">
تَوهِين / توهان
4.mp3">
Roman tūn˜ / to tavhīn˜ / tavhān˜
Urdu تو / تم آپ
English You You
  Third Person Masculine Singular Third Person Masculine Singular
Sindhi هِي / هِنَ
5.mp3">
هُو / هُنَ
6.mp3">
Roman hī / hina hū / huna
Urdu یہ وہ
English He/it/this He/it/that
  Third Person Feminine Singular Third Person Feminine Singular
Sindhi هِيءَ / هِنَ
7.mp3">
هُوءَ / هِنَ
8.mp3">
Roman hīa / hina hūa / hina
Urdu یہ وه
English She / it / this She / it / that
  Third Person Both masculine and feminine Plural Third Person Both masculine and feminine Plural
Sindhi هِي / هِنَنِ
9.mp3">
هُو / هُنَنَ
10.mp3">
Roman hī / hinan hū / hunan
Urdu یہ وه
English They / these They / those

15. Third person pronouns as demonstrative and indicative pronouns

These forms are also used for third person pronouns as demonstrative and indicative pronouns.

  Masculine Singular Feminine Singular
Sindhi اِهو/اِنَ and اُهو / اُنَ
1.mp3">
اِها / اِنَ and اُها / اُنَ
2.mp3">
Roman uho/una and iho / ina uha / una and iha /ina
Urdu یہ اور وہ یہ اور وہ
English This and that This and that
  Plural  
Sindhi اِهي / اُنهن and اُهي / اُنهن
3.mp3">
 
Roman uhe / unhan and ihe inhan  
Urdu یہ اور وہ  
English These and those  

Verb: A word used to say something about the action of a person, animal, thing

1. All verbs are derived from infinitives having –ڻ

In Sindhi all verbs are derived from infinitives having – ڻ ṇ at the end of the root word. If this final letter is removed, the root word can be used as an imperative.

Singular Plural
Sindhi لِکُ
s1.mp3">
لِکَڻُ
m1.mp3">
Roman likhu likhan~u
Urdu لکھہ لکھنا
English write To write
Sindhi پَڙههُ
s2.mp3">
پَڙِهَڻُ
m2.mp3">
Roman par^hu paṛhan~u
Urdu پڑھہ پڑھنا
English read To read
Sindhi گھُمُ
s3.mp3">
گھُمَڻُ
m3.mp3">
Roman ghumu ghuman~u
Urdu گھوم گھومنا
English wander To wonder
Sindhi هَلُ
s4.mp3">
هَلَڻ
m4.mp3">
Roman halu halan~u
Urdu چل چلنا
English walk To walk

2. Different verbs can be derived from imperatives

These imperatives can be used for request, command etc with second person pronouns.
From these root words (used as imperatives) can be derived different verbs for using them in forming various tenses (Past, Present, Future and their kinds)

Sindhi کاءُ
تُون کاءُ
1.mp3">
Roman t~oo`n khaau
Urdu تو کھا
English (You) Eat
Sindhi پيءُ
تُون پِيءُ
2.mp3">
Roman t~oo`n peeu
Urdu تو پی
English (You) Drink
Sindhi گھُمُ
تُون گهُمُ
3.mp3">
Roman t~oo`n ghumu
Urdu تو گھوم
English (You) Wander
Sindhi هَلُ
تُون هَلُ
4.mp3">
Roman t~oo`n halu
Urdu تو چل
English (You) Walk

Adjective: A word used to describe a noun and add something to it

1. Adjective of Colors With Masculine Singular & Masculine Plural

Masculine Singular Masculine Plural
Sindhi ڪارو
s1.mp3">
ڪارا
p1.mp3">
Roman Kaaro Kaaraa
Urdu کالا کالے
English black black
Sindhi نِيرو
s2.mp3">
نِيرا
p2.mp3">
Roman neero neeraa
Urdu نیلا نیلے
English blue blue
Sindhi اَڇو
s3.mp3">
اَڇا
p3.mp3">
Roman achho achhaa
Urdu سفید سفید
English white white
Sindhi سائو
s4.mp3">
ساوا
p4.mp3">
Roman saao saavaa
Urdu ہرا ہرے
English green green
Sindhi پِيلو
s5.mp3">
پِيلا
p5.mp3">
Roman peelo peelaa
Urdu پیلا پیلے
English pale pale
Sindhi ڦِڪو
s6.mp3">
ڦِڪا
p6.mp3">
Roman phiko phikaa
Urdu ہلکا پیلا ہلکا پیلے
English yellow yellow
Sindhi ڳاڙهو
s7.mp3">
ڳاڙِها
p7.mp3">
Roman g^aar^iho g^aarihaa
Urdu لال لال
English red red
Sindhi نارَنگِي
s8.mp3">
نارَنگِي
p8.mp3">
Roman naarangee naarangee
Urdu نارنگی نارنگی
English orange orange
Sindhi واڱِڻائِي
s9.mp3">
واڱِڻائِي
p9.mp3">
Roman vaag~n~aaee Vaag~n~aaee
Urdu اودا (جامنی) اودا (جامنی)
English purple purple
Sindhi گُلابِي
s10.mp3">
گُلابِي
p10.mp3">
Roman gulaabee gulaabee
Urdu گُلابی گلابی
English pink pink

2. Adjective of Colors With Feminine Singular & Feminine Plural

Feminine Singular Feminine Plural
Sindhi ڪارِي
s1.mp3">
ڪارِيُون
p1.mp3">
Roman Kaaree Kaaryoo`n
Urdu کالی کالی
English black black
Sindhi نِيرِي
s2.mp3">
نِيريُون
p2.mp3">
Roman neeree neeryoo'n
Urdu نیلی نیلی
English blue blue
Sindhi اَڇِي
s3.mp3">
اَڇِيُون
p3.mp3">
Roman achhee achhyoo`n
Urdu سفید سفید
English white white
Sindhi سائِي
s4.mp3">
سائِيُون
p4.mp3">
Roman saaee saaiyoo`n
Urdu ہری ہری
English green green
Sindhi پِيلِي
s5.mp3">
پِيلِيُون
p5.mp3">
Roman Pīlī Pīlyūn˜
Urdu پیلی پیلی
English pale pale
Sindhi ڦِڪِي
s6.mp3">
ڦِڪِيُون
p6.mp3">
Roman phikee phikiyoo`n
Urdu ہلکی پیلی ہلکی پیلی
English pale pale
Sindhi ڳاڙِهي
s7.mp3">
ڳاڙِهِيُون
p7.mp3">
Roman g^aarhee g^aar^ihyoo`n
Urdu لال لال
English red red
Sindhi نارَنگِي
s8.mp3">
نارَنگِي
p8.mp3">
Roman naara`ngee naara`ngee
Urdu نارنگی نارنگی
English orange orange
Sindhi واڱِڻائِي
s9.mp3">
واڱِڻائِي
p9.mp3">
Roman vaag~n~aaee Vaag~n~aaee
Urdu اودا (جامنی) اودا (جامنی)
English purple purple
Sindhi گُلابِي
s10.mp3">
گُلابِي
p10.mp3">
Roman gulaabee gulaabee
Urdu گلابی گلابی
English pink pink

3. Adjective of Number, Singular and Plural Sentences

Singular Plural
Sindhi هِيءُ هِڪُ درِوازو آهي
s1.mp3">
هِي پَنجَ درِوازا آهِنِ
p1.mp3">
Roman heeu hiku d~arvaazo aahe hee panja d~arvaazaa aahin
Urdu یہ ایک دروازہ ہے یہ پانچ دروازے ہیں
English This is a door These are five doors
Sindhi هيءُ هِڪُ نِيرو ڪَپِڙو آهي
s2.mp3">
هِي ٽي نِيرا ڪَپِڙا آهِنِ
p2.mp3">
Roman heeu hiku neero kapr^o aahe hee te neeraa kapr^aa aahin
Urdu یہ ایک نیلا کپڑا ہے یہ تین نیلے کپڑے ہیں
English This is a blue cloth These are three blue cloths
Sindhi هِيءَ هِڪَ ڪارِي ٻِلِي آهي
s3.mp3">
هِي چارِ ڪارِيُون ٻِلِيُون آهِنِ
p3.mp3">
Roman heea hika kaaree b^ilee aahe hee chaar kaaryoo`n ḇilyoo`n aahin
Urdu یہ ایک کالی بلی ہے یہ چار کالی بلیاں ہیں
English This is a black cat These are four black cats
Sindhi هِيءَ هِڪَ نِيرِي ٽوڪِرِي آهي
s4.mp3">
هِي ڇَهَه نِيرِيُون ٽوڪِرِيُون آهِنِ
p4.mp3">
Roman heea hika neeree tokree aahe hee chhaha neeryoo`n  tokriyoo`n  aahin
Urdu یہ ایک نیلی ٹوکری ہے یہ چھہ نیلی ٹوکریاں ہیں
English This is a blue basket These are six blue baskets
Sindhi هِيءُ هِڪُ ڦِيٿو آهي
s5.mp3">
هِي ٽي ڦِيٿا آهِنِ
p5.mp3">
Roman heeu hiku pheeth~o aahe heeu te pheeth~aa aahin
Urdu یہ ایک پہیا ہے یہ تین پہیے ہیں
English This is a wheel These are three wheels

4. Adjective describing the Nouns

The Adjective describing the nouns follow the changes in the nouns (both masculine and feminine) with numbers (singular and plural).

While using adjectives describing the nouns, remember that if the noun is masculine or feminine or if it is singular the adjective conforms to it and when the gender or number of the noun is changed the adjective also changes with it.

Singular Masculine Plural Masculine
Sindhi سُٺو
1.mp3">
سُٺا
2.mp3">
Roman sutho suthaa
Urdu اچھا اچھے
English good good
  Singular Feminine Plural Feminine
Sindhi سُٺِي
3.mp3">
سُٺِيُون
4.mp3">
Roman suthee suthiyoo`n
Urdu اچھی اچھی
English good good
  Singular Masculine Plural Masculine
Sindhi وَڏو
5.mp3">
وَڏا
6.mp3">
Roman vad^o vad^aa
Urdu بڑا بڑے
English big big
  Singular Feminine Plural Feminine
Sindhi وَڏِي
7.mp3">
وَڏِيُون
8.mp3">
Roman vad^ee vad^iyoo`n
Urdu بڑی بڑی
English big big

5. Adjective describing the Nouns ( Sentences)

Singular Masculine Plural Masculine
Sindhi هِيءُ سُٺو ڇوڪِرو آهي
1.mp3">
هِي سُٺا ڇوڪِرا آهِن
2.mp3">
Roman heeu suṭho chhokro aahe hee suthaa chhokraa aahin
Urdu یہ اچھا لڑکا ہے یہ اچھے لڑکے ہیں
English He is (a) good boy They are good boys
  Singular Feminine Plural Feminine
Sindhi هِيءَ سُٺِي ڇوڪِرِي آهي
3.mp3">
هِي سُٺِيُون ڇوڪِرِيُون آهِن
4.mp3">
Roman heea suṭhee chhokree aahe hee suthiyoo`n  chhokryoo`n aahin
Urdu یہ اچھی لڑکی ہے یہ اچھی لڑکیاں ہیں
English She is (a) good girl They are good girls
  Singular Feminine Plural Feminine
Sindhi هِيءَ هِڪ وَڏِي مَيزَ آهي
5.mp3">
هِي وَڏِيُون مَيزُون آهِنِ
6.mp3">
Roman heea hika vad^ee meza aahe hee vaḏyoo`n  mezoo`n aahin
Urdu یہ ایک بڑی میز ہے یہ بڑی میزیں ہیں
English This is (a) big table These are big tables

6. For feminine plural adjective (sindhi adds yūn˜ (yoon) in the adjective

Urdu fallows the same pattern except for the feminine plural adjective (sindhi adds yūn˜ (yoon) in the adjective) All such adjectives which describe exceptional nouns also follows the same rule. For example

Singular Masculine Plural Masculine
Sindhi هِيءُ ڪارو هاٿِي آهي
1.mp3">
هِيءُ ڪارا هاٿِي آهن
2.mp3">
Roman heeu kaaro haath~ee aahe hee kaaraa haaathee aahin
Urdu یہ کالا ہاتھی ہے ھی کالے ہاتھی ہیں
English This is a black elephant These are black elephants
  Singular Feminine Plural Feminine
Sindhi هِيءَ دوا ڪَڙِي آهي
3.mp3">
هِي دَوائُون ڪَڙِيُون آهِن
4.mp3">
Roman heea d~avaa kaṛee aahe hee d~avaaoo`n  kaṛyoo`n  aahin
Urdu یہ دوائی کڑوی ہے یہ دوائیاں کڑوی ہیں
English This drug is bitter These drugs are bitter

Pronoun: A word used instead of a noun

1. Pronoun

First person singular First person plural
Sindhi اَسِين / اسان
p2.mp3">
تُون
p3.mp3">
Roman asee`n/asaa`n too`n
Urdu ہم تو / تم
English we you
  Second person singular Second person plural
Sindhi تُون
p3.mp3">
تَوِهِين / توهان
p4.mp3">
Roman too`n t~avhaa`n/ t~avhee`n
Urdu تو / تم آپ
English you you
  Third person singular masculine Third person singular feminine
Sindhi هِي / هُو
p5.mp3">
هِيءَ / هُوءَ
p6.mp3">
Roman he / ho heea / hooa
Urdu یہ / وہ یہ / وہ
English he (person), this/ that (for a thing ) she (person), this /that (for a thing )
  Third person plural  
Sindhi هي / هو
p7.mp3">
 
Roman he / hoo  
Urdu یہ / وہ  
English they ( for person and things)  

2. Singular and Plural sentences (with Masculine Nouns)

Singular and Plural sentences (with Masculine nouns)
with masculine nouns:

Singular Masculine Nouns Plural Masculine Nouns
Sindhi هِيءُ قَلَمُ آهي
s1.mp3">
هي قَلَمَ آهِنِ
p1.mp3">
Roman heeu kalamu aahe hee kalama aahin
Urdu یہ قلم ہے یہ قلم ہیں
English This is (a) pen These are pens
Sindhi هيءُ خَطُ آهي
s2.mp3">
هِي خَطَ آهِنِ
p2.mp3">
Roman heeu khht̤~u aahe hee khhat~a aahin
Urdu یہ خط ہے یہ خط ہیں
English This is (a) letter These are letters
Sindhi هُو گِلاسُ آهي
s3.mp3">
هو گِلاسَ آهِنِ
p3.mp3">
Roman hoo gilaasu aahe hoo gilaasa aahin
Urdu وہ گلاس ہے وہ گلاس ہیں
English That is (a) glass Those are glasses
Sindhi هُو ڪاغَذُ آهي
s4.mp3">
هو ڪاغَذَ آهِنِ
p4.mp3">
Roman hoo kaaghhazu aahe hoo kaghhaza aahin
Urdu وہ کاغذ ہے وہ کاغذ ہیں
English This is (a) a paper Those are papers
Sindhi هِيءُ ٽانگو آهي
s5.mp3">
هي ٽانگا آهِنِ
p5.mp3">
Roman heeu taa`ngo aahe hee taa`ngaa aahin
Urdu یہ تانگہ ہے یہ تانگے ہیں
English This is (a) tanga These are tongas

3. Singular and Plural sentences (with Feminine Nouns)

Singular and Plural sentences (with Feminine nouns)
With Feminine nouns:

Singular Feminine Nouns Plural Feminine Nouns
Sindhi هِيءَ خَبَرَ آهي
s1.mp3">
هِي خَبِرُون آهِنِ
p1.mp3">
Roman heea khhabara aahe hee khhabaaroo`n aahin
Urdu یہ خبر ہے یہ خبریں ہیں
English This is (a) news These are news
Sindhi هِيءَ زالَ آهي
s2.mp3">
هِي زالُون آهِنِ
p2.mp3">
Roman heea zaala aahe hee zaaloo`n aahin
Urdu یہ بیوی ہے یہ بیویاں ہیں
English This is (a) wife These are wives
Sindhi هُوءَ کَٽَ آهي
s3.mp3">
هُو کَٽُون آهِنِ
p3.mp3">
Roman hooa khaṭa aahe hoo khaaṭoo`n aahin
Urdu وہ چارپائی ہے وہ چارپائیاں ہیں
English That is (a) cot Those are cots
Sindhi هُوءَ ٽَنگَ آهي
s4.mp3">
هُو ٽَنگُون آهِنِ
p4.mp3">
Roman hooa ta`nga aahe ho ta`ngoo`n aahin
Urdu وہ ٹانگ ہے وہ ٹانگیں ہیں
English That is (a) leg Those are legs
Sindhi اِها تَصِوِيرَ آهي
s5.mp3">
اِهي تَصِوِيرُون آهِنِ
p5.mp3">
Roman ihaa t~asveera aahe ihe t~aṣveeroo`n aahin
Urdu یہ تصوِیر ہے وہ تصویریں ہیں
English It is (a) picture These are pictures

Noun: A word used as a name of a person, place or thing

1. Some common nouns end with the short vowel ‘u’

In Sindhi most of the sounds of letters in a word are pronounced clearly with the help of short vowels a, i and u or long vowels aa, ee and oo or their nasal sounds.

The last consonant is always pronounced with a vowel and is never silent. Look at these words, all these words end with the short vowel ‘u’.

Sindhi قَلَمُ
n1.mp3">
Roman kalamu
Urdu قلم
English pen
Sindhi ڪاغَذُ
n2.mp3">
Roman kaaghhazu
Urdu کاغذ
English paper
Sindhi باغُ
n3.mp3">
Roman baagu
Urdu باغ
English garden
Sindhi فَرِشُ
n4.mp3">
Roman farshu
Urdu فرش
English floor
Sindhi خَطُ
n5.mp3">
Roman khhat~u
Urdu خط
English letter
Sindhi جهازُ
n6.mp3">
Roman jahaazu
Urdu جہاز
English aeroplane

2. Some common nouns end in the short vowel ‘a’

Most of the sounds of letters in a word are pronounced clearly with the help of short vowels a, i and u or long vowels  aa , ee and oo or their nasal sounds.

All these words end in the short vowel ‘a’

Sindhi مَيزَ
n1.mp3">
Roman meza
Urdu میز
English table
Sindhi سڙڪَ
n2.mp3">
Roman sar^aka
Urdu سڑک
English road
Sindhi عَورَتَ
n3.mp3">
Roman orat~a
Urdu عورت
English woman
Sindhi نَٿَ
n4.mp3">
Roman nath~a
Urdu نتھ
English nose ring
Sindhi زَمِينَ
n5.mp3">
Roman zameena
Urdu زمین
English earth
Sindhi تَصِوِيرَ
n6.mp3">
Roman t~asveera
Urdu تصویر
English picture

3. Some common nouns end in the short vowel ‘i’

Most of the sounds of letters in a word are pronounced clearly with the help of short vowels a, i and u or long vowels aa , ee and oo or their nasal sounds.

All these words end in the short vowel ‘i’

Sindhi ڇِتِ
n1.mp3">
Roman chhit~i
Urdu چھت
English roof
Sindhi رِيت
n2.mp3">ِ
Roman reet~i
Urdu ریت
English tradition
Sindhi ديوارِ / ڀِتِ
n3.mp3">
Roman deevaari/bhit~i
Urdu دیوار
English wall
Sindhi اکِ
n4.mp3">
Roman akhi
Urdu آنکھ
English eye
Sindhi شِڪِلِِ
n5.mp3">
Roman shikli
Urdu شکل
English face

4. Some common nouns ending with a long vowel ‘o’

Most of the sounds of letters in a word are pronounced clearly with the help of short vowels a, i and u or long vowels  aa , ee and oo or their nasal sounds.

These are words ending with a long vowel ‘o’

Sindhi گھوڙو
n1.mp3">
Roman ghor^o
Urdu گھوڑا
English horse
Sindhi لِفافو
n2.mp3">
Roman lifaafo
Urdu لفافہ
English envelop
Sindhi ڪيلو
n3.mp3">
Roman kelo
Urdu کیلا
English banana
Sindhi درِوازو
n4.mp3">
Roman darvaazo
Urdu دروازا
English door
Sindhi پَنکو
n5.mp3">
Roman pankho
Urdu پنکھا
English fan
Sindhi صوفو
n6.mp3">
Roman sofo
Urdu صوفا
English sofa

5. Some common nouns ending with a long vowel ee

Most of the sounds of letters in a word are pronounced clearly with the help of short vowels a, i and u or long vowels  aa , ee and oo or their nasal sounds.

These are words ending with a long vowel  ee.

Sindhi گھوڙِيِ
n1.mp3">
Roman ghor^ee
Urdu گھوڑی
English mare
Sindhi ڪُرسِيِ
n2.mp3">
Roman kursee
Urdu کرسی
English chair
Sindhi ٻلِيِ
n3.mp3">
Roman b^ilee
Urdu بلی
English she-cat
Sindhi گَھڙِيِ
n4.mp3">
Roman ghar^ee
Urdu گھڑی
English watch
Sindhi ڇَٽِي
n5.mp3">
Roman chhatee
Urdu چھتری
English umbrella
Sindhi ڌَرتِي
n6.mp3">
Roman dh~art~ee
Urdu دھرتی
English earth

6. Some common nouns with short vowel ‘u’ are mostly masculine nouns

Most of the sounds of letters in a word are pronounced clearly with the help of short vowels a, i and u or long vowels aa , eea nd oo or their nasal sounds.

All such words with short vowel ‘u’ are mostly masculine nouns

Sindhi قَلَمُ
n1.mp3">
Roman kalamu
Urdu قلم
English pen
Sindhi ڪاغَذُ
n2.mp3">
Roman kaaghhazu
Urdu کاغذ
English paper
Sindhi باغُ
n3.mp3">
Roman baagu
Urdu باغ
English garden
Sindhi فَرِشُ
n4.mp3">
Roman farshu
Urdu فرش
English floor
Sindhi خَطُ
n5.mp3">
Roman khhat~u
Urdu خط
English letter
Sindhi جهازُ
n6.mp3">
Roman jahaazu
Urdu جہاز
English aeroplane

7. Some common nouns with long vowel ‘o’ are mostly masculine nouns

Most of the sounds of letters in a word are pronounced clearly with the help of short vowels a, i and u or long vowels  aa , ee and oo or their nasal sounds

All such words with long vowel o are mostly masculine nouns

Sindhi گھوڙو
n1.mp3">
Roman ghor^o
Urdu گھوڑا
English horse
Sindhi لِفافو
n2.mp3">
Roman lifaafo
Urdu لفافہ
English envelop
Sindhi ڪيلو
n3.mp3">
Roman kelo
Urdu کیلا
English banana
Sindhi درِوازو
n4.mp3">
Roman darvaazo
Urdu دروازا
English door
Sindhi پَنکو
n5.mp3">
Roman pankho
Urdu پنکھا
English fan
Sindhi صوفو
n6.mp3">
Roman sofo
Urdu صوفا
English sofa

8. Short vowels ‘a’ , ‘i’ and long vowel ee are mostly feminine nouns

Most of the sounds of letters in a word are pronounced clearly with the help of short vowels a, i and u or long vowels  aa , ee and oo or their nasal sounds.

All such words ending with short vowels ‘a’ , ‘i’ and long vowel ee are mostly feminine nouns.

Sindhi مَيزَ
n1.mp3">
Roman meza
Urdu میز
English table
Sindhi سڙڪَ
n2.mp3">
Roman saṛka
Urdu سڑک
English road
Sindhi عَورَتَ
n3.mp3">
Roman orat~a
Urdu عورت
English woman
Sindhi نَٿَ
n4.mp3">
Roman nath~a
Urdu نتھ
English nose ring
Sindhi زَمِينَ
n5.mp3">
Roman zameena
Urdu زمین
English earth
Sindhi تَصِوِيرَ
n6.mp3">
Roman t~aveera
Urdu تصویر
English picture

9. Words ending with short vowels ‘a’ , ‘i’ and long vowel ee are mostly feminine nouns

Most of the sounds of letters in a word are pronounced clearly with the help of short vowels a, i and u or long vowels aa, ee and oo or their nasal sounds.

All such words ending with short vowels ‘a’ , ‘i’ and long vowel ee are mostly feminine nouns.

Sindhi ڇِتِ
n1.mp3">
Roman chhi~ti
Urdu چھت
English roof
Sindhi رِيت
n2.mp3">ِ
Roman reet~i
Urdu ریت
English tradition
Sindhi ديوارِ / ڀِتِ
n3.mp3">
Roman deevaari / bhit~i
Urdu دیوار
English wall
Sindhi اکِ
n4.mp3">
Roman akhi
Urdu آنکھ
English eye
Sindhi شِڪِلِِ
n5.mp3">
Roman shikli
Urdu شکل
English face

10. Words ending with short vowels ‘a’ , ‘i’ and long vowel ee are mostly feminine nouns

Most of the sounds of letters in a word are pronounced clearly with the help of short vowels a, i and u or long vowels aa , ee and oo or their nasal sounds.

All such words ending with short vowels ‘a’ , ‘i’ and long vowel ī (ee) are mostly feminine nouns.

Sindhi گھوڙِيِ
n1.mp3">
Roman ghor^ee
Urdu گھوڑی
English mare
Sindhi ڪُرسِيِ
n2.mp3">
Roman kursee
Urdu کرسی
English chair
Sindhi ٻلِيِ
n3.mp3">
Roman b^ilee
Urdu بلی
English she-cat
Sindhi گَھڙِيِ
n4.mp3">
Roman ghar^ee
Urdu گھڑی
English watch
Sindhi ڇَٽِي
n5.mp3">
Roman chhatee
Urdu چھتری
English umbrella
Sindhi ڌَرتِي
n6.mp3">
Roman dh~art~ee
Urdu دھرتی
English earth

11.Words ending with 'ī' (ee) are mostly feminine nouns، but there are some exceptions to these rules

Most of the sounds of letters in a word are pronounced clearly with the help of short vowels a, i and u or long vowels aa , ee and oo their nasal sounds.

All words ending with 'ee are mostly feminine nouns، but there are some exceptions to these rules. Masculine words with  ee.

Sindhi هاٿِي
n1.mp3">
Roman haath~ee
Urdu ہاتھی
English elephant
Sindhi ساٿِي
n2.mp3">
Roman saath~ee
Urdu ساتھی
English companion
Sindhi مالهِي
n3.mp3">
Roman maalhee
Urdu مالی
English gardener
Sindhi پَکِي
n4.mp3">
Roman pakhee
Urdu پنچھی
English bird
Sindhi هارِي
n5.mp3">
Roman haaree
Urdu ہاری
English farmer

12. Masculine nouns ending in short vowel 'u' in singular change the final short vowel to 'a' in plural

The short or long vowels at the end of a word (noun) may help in determining the gender of the noun as well as the number of the noun.

Masculine nouns ending in short vowel 'u' in singular change the final short vowel to 'a' in plural

Singular Masculine Nouns Plural Masculine Nouns
Sindhi مَٽُ
j1.mp3">
مَٽَ
j1_1.mp3">
Roman matu mata
Urdu مٹکا مٹکے
English claypot claypots
Sindhi اُٺُ
j2.mp3">
اُٺَ
j1_2.mp3">
Roman uthu utha
Urdu اونٹ اونٹ
English camel camels
Sindhi گُلُ
j3.mp3">
گُلَ
j1_3.mp3">
Roman gulu gula
Urdu پھول پھول
English flower flowers
Sindhi هَٿُ
j4.mp3">
هَٿَ
j1_4.mp3">
Roman hath~u hath~a
Urdu ہاتھ ہاتھ
English hand hands
Sindhi نَڪُ
j5.mp3">
نَڪَ
j1_5.mp3">
Roman naku naka
Urdu ناک ناکیں
English nose noses
Sindhi ڪَنُ
j6.mp3">
ڪَنَ
j1_6.mp3">
Roman kanu kana
Urdu کان کان
English ear ears
Sindhi قلمُ
j7.mp3">
قلمَ
j1_7.mp3">
Roman kalamu kalama
Urdu قلم قلم
English pen pens
Sindhi ڪاغذُ
j8.mp3">
ڪاغذَ
j1_8.mp3">
Roman kaaghhazu kaaghhaza
Urdu کاغذ کاغذات
English paper papers
Sindhi انبُ
j9.mp3">
انبَ
j1_9.mp3">
Roman a`nbu a`nba
Urdu آم آم
English mango mangoes
Sindhi صوفُ
j10.mp3">
صوفَ
j1_10.mp3">
Roman soofu soofa
Urdu سیب سیب
English apple apples

13. Masculine nouns ending in long vowel 'o' in singular change the final long vowel to 'aa' in plural

The short or long vowels at the end of a word (noun) may help in determining the gender of the noun as well as the number of the noun.

Masculine nouns ending in long vowel 'o' in singular change the final long vowel to 'aa'  in plural

Singular Masculine Nouns Plural Masculine Nouns
Sindhi ٻِلو
j1.mp3">
ٻلا
j1_1.mp3">
Roman b^ilo b^ilaa
Urdu بلا بلے
English Tom Toms
Sindhi گھوڙو
j2.mp3">
گھوڙا
j1_2.mp3">
Roman ghor^o ghor^aa
Urdu گھوڑا گھوڑے
English horse horses
Sindhi صوفو
j3.mp3">
صوفا
j1_3.mp3">
Roman sofo sofaa
Urdu صوفہ صوفے
English sofa sofas
Sindhi دروازو
j4.mp3">
دروازا
j1_4.mp3">
Roman d~arvaazo d~arvaazaa
Urdu دروازہ دروازے
English door doors
Sindhi ڪُتو
j5.mp3">
ڪتا
j1_5.mp3">
Roman kut~o kut~aa
Urdu کتا کتے
English dog dogs
Sindhi ڇوڪرو
j6.mp3">
ڇوڪرا
j1_6.mp3">
Roman chhokro chhokraa
Urdu لڑکا لڑکے
English boy boys
Sindhi ڪيلو
j7.mp3">
ڪيلا
j1_7.mp3">
Roman kelo kelaa
Urdu کیلا کیلے
English banana banans
Sindhi ڇيلو
j8.mp3">
ڇيلا
j1_8.mp3">
Roman chhelo chhelaa
Urdu بکری کا بچہ بکری کے بچے
English kid kids
Sindhi لفافو
j9.mp3">
لفافا
j1_9.mp3">
Roman lifaafo lifaafaa
Urdu لفافہ لفافے
English envelop envelops
Sindhi دنبو
j10.mp3">
دنبا
j1_10.mp3">
Roman du`nbo du`nbaa
Urdu دنبہ دنبے
English male sheep sheeps

14. Some masculine nouns ending in long vowels ee and oo in singular, do no change in plural form

The short or long vowels at the end of a word (noun) may help in determining the gender of the noun as well as the number of the noun.

A small number of masculine nouns ending in long vowels ee and  oo in singular, do no change in plural form

Singular Masculine Nouns Don't change in Plural form
Sindhi هاٿي
j1.mp3">
هاٿي
j1_1.mp3">
Roman haath~ee haath~ee
Urdu ہاتھی ہاتھی
English elephant elephants
Sindhi ساٿي
j2.mp3">
ساٿي
j1_2.mp3">
Roman saath~ee saath~ee
Urdu ساتھی ساتھی
English friend friends
Sindhi مالهي
j3.mp3">
مالهي
j1_3.mp3">
Roman maalhee maalhee
Urdu مالی مالی
English gardner gardners
Sindhi پکي
j4.mp3">
پکي
j1_4.mp3">
Roman pakhi pakhi
Urdu پنچھی پنچھی
English bird birds
Sindhi سخي
j5.mp3">
سخي
j1_5.mp3">
Roman sakhhee sakhhee
Urdu سخی سخی
English liberal liberal
Sindhi ڳئون
j6.mp3">
ڳئون
j1_6.mp3">
Roman g^aoo`n g^aoo`n
Urdu گائے گائیں
English cow cows
Sindhi ماڻهو
j7.mp3">
ماڻهو
j1_7.mp3">
Roman maan~hoo`n maan~hoo`n
Urdu لوگ لوگ
English people peoples
Sindhi ڄمون
j8.mp3">
ڄمون
j1_8.mp3">
Roman j^amoo`n j^amoo`n
Urdu جامن جامن
English jambolan jambolans
Sindhi ڏاڙهون
j9.mp3">
ڏاڙهون
j1_9.mp3">
Roman d^aar^hoo`n g^aar^hoo`n
Urdu انار انار
English pomegrante pomgranates
Sindhi پوليس
j10.mp3">
پوليس
j1_10.mp3">
Roman polees polees
Urdu پولیس پولیس
English police police

15. Feminine nouns ending in short vowel 'i' in singular change into suffix 'yoo`n' in Plural

The short or long vowels at the end of a word (noun) may help in determining the gender of the noun as well as the number of the noun.

Feminine nouns ending in short vowel 'i' in singular change into suffix 'yoo`n' in Plural

Singular Feminine Nouns Plural Feminine Nouns
Sindhi اکِ
j1.mp3">
اکيون
j1_1.mp3">
Roman akhi akhiyoo`n
Urdu آنکھ آنکھیں
English eye eyes
Sindhi چيلههِ
j2.mp3">
چيلهيون
j1_2.mp3">
Roman chelhi chelhiyoo`n
Urdu کمر کمریں
English waist waists
Sindhi مکِ
j3.mp3">
مکيون
j1_3.mp3">
Roman makhi makhiyoo`n
Urdu مکھی مکھیاں
English fly flies
Sindhi ڀتِ
j4.mp3">
ڀتيون
j1_4.mp3">
Roman bhit~i bhit~iyoo`n
Urdu دیوار دیواریں
English wall walls
Sindhi ڇتِ
j5.mp3">
ڇتيون
j1_5.mp3">
Roman chhit~i chhit~iyoo`n
Urdu چھت چھتیں
English roof roofs
Sindhi وَلِ
j6.mp3">
وَلِيُون
j1_6.mp3">
Roman vali valiyūn˜
Urdu بيل بیلیں
English creeping plant creeping plants
Sindhi راتِ
j7.mp3">
راتيون
j1_7.mp3">
Roman raat~i raatiyoo`n
Urdu رات راتیں
English night nights
Sindhi ڳالهه
j8.mp3">
ڳالهيون
j1_8.mp3">
Roman g^aalih g^aalihyu`n
Urdu بات باتیں
English talk talks
Sindhi گڏههِ
j9.mp3">
گڏهيون
j1_9.mp3">
Roman gad^ahi gad^ahiyoo`n
Urdu گدھی گدھیاں
English female donkey female donkies

16. Feminine nouns ending in short vowels ‘a’ in singular, change the final short vowel to suffix 'oo`n' or 'oon'

The short or long vowels at the end of a word (noun) may help in determining the gender of the noun as well as the number of the noun.

Feminine nouns ending in short vowels ‘a’ in singular, change the final short vowel to suffix 'oo`n'

Singular Feminine Nouns Plural Feminine Nouns
Sindhi کٽَ
j1.mp3">
کَٽون
j1_1.mp3">
Roman khata khatoo`n
Urdu چارپائی چارپائی
English cot cots
Sindhi ٽنگَ
j2.mp3">
ٽنگون
j1_2.mp3">
Roman tanga tangoo`n
Urdu ٹانگ ٹانگیں
English leg legs
Sindhi زالَ
j3.mp3">
زالون
j1_3.mp3">
Roman zaala zaaloo`n
Urdu بیوی بیویاں
English wife wives
Sindhi پڳَ
j4.mp3">
پڳون
j1_4.mp3">
Roman pag̠a pag̠ūn˜
Urdu پگڑی پگڑیاں
English turban turbans
Sindhi ميزَ
j5.mp3">
ميزون
j1_5.mp3">
Roman meza mezoo`n
Urdu ٹیبل ٹیبلیں
English table tables
Sindhi ٻانهنَ
j6.mp3">
ٻانهون
j1_6.mp3">
Roman b^aanha`n b^aanhoo`n
Urdu بانہں باہیں
English arm arms
Sindhi تارَ
j7.mp3">
تارون
j1_7.mp3">
Roman t~aara t~aaroo`n
Urdu تار تاریں
English wire wires
Sindhi ريلَ
j8.mp3">
ريلون
j1_8.mp3">
Roman rela reloo`n
Urdu ریل ریلیں
English train trains
Sindhi ڊيلَ
j9.mp3">
ڊيلون
j1_9.mp3">
Roman dela deloo`n
Urdu مورنی مورنیاں
English pea hen pea hens
Sindhi تصوير
j10.mp3">
تصويرون
j1_10.mp3">
Roman t~asvira t~asviroon`
Urdu تصویر تصویریں
English picture pictures

17. Some feminine nouns ending with long vowel 'aa' in singular add the suffix 'oo`n' at the end

The short or long vowels at the end of a word (noun) may help in determining the gender of the noun as well as the number of the noun.

A small number of feminine nouns ending with long vowel 'aa' in singular add the suffix 'oo`n'  at the end

Singular Feminine Nouns Plural Feminine Nouns
Sindhi هوا
j1.mp3">
هوائون
j1_1.mp3">
Roman havaa havaaoo`n
Urdu ہوا ہوائیں
English air airs
Sindhi فضا
j2.mp3">
فضائون
j1_2.mp3">
Roman fizaa fizaaoo`n
Urdu فضا فضائیں
English atmosphere atmospheres
Sindhi مالها
j3.mp3">
مالهائون
j1_3.mp3">
Roman maalhaa maalhaaoo`n
Urdu مالھا مالھائیں
English necklece necklaces
Sindhi دغا
j4.mp3">
دغائون
j1_4.mp3">
Roman daghhaa daghhaaoo`n
Urdu دغا دغائیں
English fraud frauds
Sindhi سزا
j5.mp3">
سزائون
j1_5.mp3">
Roman sazaa sazaaoo`n
Urdu سزا سزائیں
English punishment punishments
Sindhi ريکا
j6.mp3">
ريکائون
j1_6.mp3">
Roman rekhaa rekhaaoo`n
Urdu ریکھا ریکھائیں
English Palm Line Palm Lines
Sindhi دعا
j7.mp3">
دعائون
j1_7.mp3">
Roman duaa duaaoo`n
Urdu دعا دعائیں
English prayer prayers
Sindhi بلا
j8.mp3">
بلائون
j1_8.mp3">
Roman balaa balaaoo`n
Urdu بلا بلائیں
English snake snakes
Sindhi غذا
j9.mp3">
غذائون
j1_9.mp3">
Roman ghhizaa ghhizaaoo`n
Urdu غذا غذائیں
English food foods
Sindhi دوا
j10.mp3">
دوائون
j1_10.mp3">
Roman davaa davaaoo`n
Urdu دوا دوائیں
English medicine medicines

18. Feminine nouns ending with long vowel 'ee' in singular change the long vowel to suffix 'yoo`n' in plural

The short or long vowels at the end of a word (noun) may help in determining the gender of the noun as well as the number of the noun.

Feminine nouns ending with long vowel 'ī' (ee) in singular change the long vowel to suffix 'yoo`n' in plural

Singular Feminine Nouns Plural Feminine Nouns
Sindhi ڇوڪري
j1.mp3">
ڇوڪريون
j1_1.mp3">
Roman chhokri chhokryoo`n
Urdu لڑکی لڑکیاں
English girl girls
Sindhi دري
j2.mp3">
دريون
j1_2.mp3">
Roman daree daryoo`n
Urdu کھڑکی کھڑکیاں
English window windows
Sindhi ٻلي
j3.mp3">
ٻليون
j1_3.mp3">
Roman b^ilee b^ilyoo`n
Urdu بلی بلیاں
English cat cats
Sindhi گھوڙي
j4.mp3">
گهوڙيون
j1_4.mp3">
Roman ghor^ee ghor^yoo`n
Urdu گھوڑی گھوڑیاں
English mare mares
Sindhi گاڏي
j5.mp3">
گاڏيون
j1_5.mp3">
Roman ghaad^ee g^aadiyoo`n
Urdu گاڑی گاڑیاں
English carriage carriages
Sindhi ٿالهي
j6.mp3">
ٿالهيون
j1_6.mp3">
Roman th~alhee th~aalhyoo`n
Urdu تھالھی تھالھیاں
English plate plates
Sindhi ڄاري
j7.mp3">
ڄاريون
j1_7.mp3">
Roman j^aaree j^aariyoo`n
Urdu جالی جالیاں
English net nets
Sindhi ٻڪري
j8.mp3">
ٻڪريون
j1_8.mp3">
Roman b^akree b^akriyoo`n
Urdu بکری بکریاں
English goat goats
Sindhi ڪرسي
j9.mp3">
ڪرسيون
j1_9.mp3">
Roman kursee kursyoo`n
Urdu کرسی کرسیاں
English chair chairs
Sindhi جُتي
j10.mp3">
جتيون
j1_10.mp3">
Roman jut~ee jut~yoo`n
Urdu جوتی جوتیاں
English shoe shoes

19. The masculine nouns ending with ‘u’ change the last vowel to ‘a’

The short or long vowels at the end of a word (noun) may help in determining the gender of the noun as well as the number of the noun.

To change from singular to plural: (a) the masculine nouns ending with ‘u’ change the last vowel to ‘a’

Singular Masculine Nouns Plural Masculine Nouns
Sindhi قلم
j1.mp3">
قلمَ
j1_1.mp3">
Roman Kalamu kalama
Urdu قلم قلم
English pen pens
Sindhi باغ
j2.mp3">
باغَ
j1_2.mp3">
Roman baaghhu baaghha
Urdu باغ باغ
English garden gardens
Sindhi فرش
j3.mp3">
فرشَ
j1_3.mp3">
Roman farshu farsha
Urdu فرش فرش
English floor floors
Sindhi خط
j4.mp3">
خطَ
j1_4.mp3">
Roman khhat~u khhat~a
Urdu خط خط
English letter letters
Sindhi جهازُ
j5.mp3">
جہازَ
j1_5.mp3">
Roman jahaazu jahaaza
Urdu جہاز جہاز
English aeroplane aeroplanes
Sindhi شاگردُ
j6.mp3">
شاگردَ
j1_6.mp3">
Roman shaagird~u shaagird~a
Urdu شاگرد شاگرد
English student students
Sindhi گلاسُ
j7.mp3">
گلاسَ
j1_7.mp3">
Roman gilaasu gilaasa
Urdu گلاس گلاس
English glass glass
Sindhi شهرُ
j8.mp3">
شهرَ
j1_8.mp3">
Roman shaharu shahara
Urdu شہر شہر
English city cities
Sindhi پَرُ
j9.mp3">
پَرَ
j1_9.mp3">
Roman paru para
Urdu پر پر
English wing wings
Sindhi ڪاغذ
j10.mp3">
ڪاغذَ
j1_10.mp3">
Roman Kaaghhazu kaaghhaza
Urdu کاغذ کاغذ
English paper papers

20. Masculine nouns ending with ‘o’ change the final vowel to ‘aa’

The short or long vowels at the end of a word (noun) may help in determining the gender of the noun as well as the number of the noun.

To change from singular to plural: (b) Masculine nouns ending with ‘o’ change the final vowel to ‘aa’.

Singular Masculine Nouns Plural Masculine Nouns
Sindhi ڇوڪرو
j1.mp3">
ڇوڪرا
j1_1.mp3">
Roman chhokro chhokraa
Urdu لڑکا لڑکے
English boy boys
Sindhi لفافو
j2.mp3">
لفافا
j1_2.mp3">
Roman lifaafo lafaafaa
Urdu لفافہ لفافے
English Envelop envelops
Sindhi هفتو
j3.mp3">
هفتا
j1_3.mp3">
Roman haft~o haft~aa
Urdu ہفتہ ہفتے
English week weeks
Sindhi گھوڙو
j4.mp3">
گھوڙا
j1_4.mp3">
Roman ghor^o ghor^aa
Urdu گھوڑا گھوڑے
English horse horses
Sindhi پردو
j5.mp3">
پردا
j1_5.mp3">
Roman pardo pardaa
Urdu پردہ پردے
English curtain curtains
Sindhi طوطو
j6.mp3">
طوطا
j1_6.mp3">
Roman t~ot~o t~ot~aa
Urdu طوطا طوطے
English parrot parrots
Sindhi نانو
j7.mp3">
نانا
j1_7.mp3">
Roman naano naanaa
Urdu نانا نانے
English grandfather grandfathers
Sindhi ڪيلو
j8.mp3">
ڪيلا
j1_8.mp3">
Roman kelo kelaa
Urdu کیلا کیلے
English banana bananas
Sindhi جوڙو
j9.mp3">
جوڙا
j1_9.mp3">
Roman jor^o jor^aa
Urdu جوڑا جوڑے
English couple couples
Sindhi ٽوڪرو
j10.mp3">
ٽوڪرا
j1_10.mp3">
Roman ṭokro ṭokraa
Urdu ٹوکرا ٹوکرے
English bin bins

21. All feminine nouns ending with ‘a’ change by adding suffix 'oo`n'

The short or long vowels at the end of a word (noun) may help in determining the gender of the noun as well as the number of the noun.

To change from singular to plural: (a) all feminine nouns ending with ‘a’ change by adding suffix 'oo`n'

Singular Feminine Nouns Plural Feminine Nouns
Sindhi تصويرَ
j1.mp3">
تصويرون
j1_1.mp3">
Roman t~asvira t~asviroo`n
Urdu تصویر تصویریں
English picture pictures
Sindhi زمينَ
j2.mp3">
زمينون
j1_2.mp3">
Roman zameena zameenoo`n
Urdu زمین زمینیں
English earth earths
Sindhi اميدَ
j3.mp3">
اميدون
j1_3.mp3">
Roman umeed~a umeed~oo`n
Urdu امید امیدیں
English hope hopes
Sindhi ميزَ
j4.mp3">
ميزون
j1_4.mp3">
Roman meza mezoo`n
Urdu میز میزیں
English table Tables
Sindhi کٽَ
j5.mp3">
کٽون
j1_5.mp3">
Roman khata khatoo`n
Urdu چارپائی چارپائیاں
English cot cots
Sindhi زالَ
j6.mp3">
زالون
j1_6.mp3">
Roman zaala zaaloo`n
Urdu بیوی بیویاں
English wife wives
Sindhi ٽنگَ
j7.mp3">
ٽنگون
j1_7.mp3">
Roman ta`nga ta`ngoo`n
Urdu ٹانگ ٹانگیں
English leg legs
Sindhi نٿَ
j8.mp3">
نٿون
j1_8.mp3">
Roman nath~a nath~oo`n
Urdu نتھ نتھیں
English nose ring nose rings
Sindhi صورتَ
j9.mp3">
صورتون
j1_9.mp3">
Roman suurat~a sooratoo`n
Urdu صورت صورتیں
English shape shapes
Sindhi عورتَ
j10.mp3">
عورتون
j1_10.mp3">
Roman orat~a orat~oo`n
Urdu عورت عورتیں
English woman women

22. Feminine nouns ending with final ‘I’ and ‘ee’ change by adding suffix yoo`n

The short or long vowels at the end of a word (noun) may help in determining the gender of the noun as well as the number of the noun.

To change from singular to plural: (b) Feminine nouns ending with final ‘I’ and ‘ee’ change by adding suffix yoo`n 

Singular Feminine Nouns Plural Feminine Nouns
Sindhi اکِ
j1.mp3">
اکيون
j1_1.mp3">
Roman akhi akhiyoo`n
Urdu آنکھ آنکھیں
English eye eyes
Sindhi ڇتِ
j2.mp3">
ڇتيون
j1_2.mp3">
Roman chhit~i chhit~iyoo`n
Urdu چھت چھتیں
English roof roofs
Sindhi ڪرسي
j3.mp3">
ڪرسيون
j1_3.mp3">
Roman kursee kursiyoo`n
Urdu کرسی کرسیاں
English chair chairs
Sindhi ڇوڪري
j4.mp3">
ڇوڪريون
j1_4.mp3">
Roman chhokree chhokriyoo`n
Urdu لڑکی لڑکیاں
English girl girls
Sindhi چٺي
j5.mp3">
چٺيون
j1_5.mp3">
Roman chithee chithiyoo`n
Urdu چٹھی چٹھیاں
English envelop Envelops
Sindhi رِيتِ
j6.mp3">
رِيتِيُون
j1_6.mp3">
Roman reet~i reet~yoo`n
Urdu ریت ریتیں
English tradition traditions
Sindhi ڊائرِي
j7.mp3">
ڊائرِيُون
j1_7.mp3">
Roman daairee daairiyoo`n
Urdu ڈائری ڈائریاں
English dairy Dairies
Sindhi ول
j8.mp3">
ولِيُون
j1_8.mp3">
Roman vali valyūn˜
Urdu بیل بیلیں
English creeping plant creeping planet
Sindhi روشِنِي
j9.mp3">
روشنيون
j1_9.mp3">
Roman roshnee roshniyoo`n
Urdu روشنی روشنیان
English light lights
Sindhi ڀتِ
j10.mp3">
ڀتيون
j1_10.mp3">
Roman bhit~i bhit~iyoo`n
Urdu دیوار دیواریں
English wall walls